IMPORTANCE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT - HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT THEORY





IMPORTANCE  OF  PERSONNEL  MANAGEMENT
BY
SMART LEARNING WAY


INDEX

   (1)  INTRODUCTION
   (2)  DEFINITION
   (3)  IMPORTANCE  OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT
   (4) OBJECTIVES
   (5) CONCLUSION
   (6) BIBLIOGRAPHY

INTRODUCTION
    
 The  work  of  a  personnel  department  deals   specifically  with  procuring , hiring , training , placing , utilizing  and  maintaining  an effective  work  force  that  will aid  in  the accomplishment  of  the  firms  objectives  this  does  not mean  to  imply  that  other  members  of the  management  team  do  not  have  a  part  in  the  management  and development  of  personnel  to  the  country  the  responsibility   for  good  personnel  administration  rests   on every  supervisor  and   manager  in  the  organization   personnel  management   is  not  a  one –man   responsibility  nor  can it  ever  be  achieved   by  one  individual   it  is  a    corporate , co- operative  Endeavour  that  should  stem   from  a  common   feeling  and  concept  and  should  progress  in  a  unified  coordinated  manner.

DEFINITION

     It  is   that  phase  of  management  which deals  with  the  effective  control  and  use  of  manpower   as  distinguished  from  other  sources  of  power” 

 “ It  is  a  function  of  guiding  human  resources  in  to  a  dynamic   organization  that  attains  its  objectives  with  a  high  degree  of  morale  and  to  the  satisfaction  of  those  concerned  it  is  concerned   with  getting  result  through  people”

      “The   field  of  management  which  has  to  do  with  planning , organizing  , directing  and  controlling  various  operative  function  of procuring , developing , maintaining  and  utilizing   a   labour   force   such   that    the      

  (a)  objectives ,for  which  the  company  is  established  are  attained  economically  and  effectively  
  (b) objectives  of all  levels   of  personnel  are  severed  to  the  highest  possible  degree  and  
 (c)  objectives  of  the  community  are  duly considered  and severed”

     “ Personnel   management    is    the  recruitment  selection , development , utilization  of  and  accommodation  of  human  resources  by  organization  the  human  resources  of  an organization  consist  of  all  individuals  regardless  of  their  role , who  are  engaged  in  any  of  the  organization  activities”

   “ All   management    is     personnel  management  as  it  deals  with  human  beings  its  development  can  best  be  discussed  in  terms  of   human  development ,philosophical  , psychological , spiritual   and  physical” 

 “Personal administration is a code of the ways of organizing and treating individuals at work so that they will each get the greatest possible realization of there intrinsic abilities thus attaining maximum efficiency  for themselves and their groups and their by giving to the enterprise of which they are a part it’s determining competitive advantage and it’s optimum results.”

IMPORTANCE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 

(1)   Staying  competitive :-  

 Part  of  personnel  management  is  developing  training  for  employees  and  providing  the  resources  they  need  to  stay  up –to-date on  their  jobs  some  of  those  resources   include  an on  site  library of  industry   information   encouraging  employees  to continue  their  education  by  subsidizing  tuition  costs  and  notifying  employees  of  seminars  and  classes  that  would  assist  in  the  development  of  their  job   skills. When  used  in  this  manner,  personnel  management  keeps  your  workforce  currency  on  the   changes   in  the  industry  it  allows   your   company  to  adapt  quicker  to  changes  and  keeps  you  ahead  of  the  competition . 

(2)   Retention :- 

Human  resources  professionals focus  on  personnel  manager  from  the  employees  first  interview  through  the  rest  of   employees  tenure  a  competition  pay  plan  and  benefits  package  entice  employees  to  work  for  your  company  ongoing  administration  of  benefits , employees  carrier  advancement   and  an  interactive  review  process  by  departmental  managers  help  the     employee  to  develop  to   her    maximum  potential   when  personnel  management  is  effective  for  each  employee  from  the  beginning  of  employment  , it    result  in  a  higher  retention  rate.

(3)   Team  work  :-  

  Effective  personnel   management   creates  strong   bonds   between  the  company  and  the employee  and  it  also  encourages   employees  to develop  a  sense  of  teamwork. Team building   exercises  help  employees   learn  to  work  together , and  that  works   together  with   the  focus  on  the  individuals  to  create   a  stronger  personnel   framework  employees   understand  their  role  within   the  company  and  they  learn   to     respect   the   roles  of  others   company   decision   follow  their   proper  channels     and   the  structure   of  the  organization  in  strengthened .

(4)   Managerial  effectiveness :- 

   One   of  the  more   importance    relationship  for   any  company   is  the  one  between  a  manager  and  an  employee  by  developing  the  employee   and  the  team  the  staff  understands   how  its  action  affect  the  productivity  of  the  entire   department   when  employees  take  a  personnel  interest  in  the  productivity  of  their  department   this   helps  managers  to  focus  more   on departmental procedures   and  employee   development   while  having   to  focus  less  on  administrative  responsibilities    such  as   dispute  resolution  and  employee  turnover .

OBJECTIVES  OF  PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

 (1) To  achieve  an  effective  utilization   of  human  resources  in  the  achievement  of  organizational   goals. 

 (2)  To  establish  and  maintain  an  adequate  organizational  structure  and  a  desirable  working  relationship  among  all  the  members  of  an  organization  by  dividing  of  organization tasks  in to  functions ,  position , jobs  and  by  defining    clearly    the    responsibility  accountability   authority   for  each  job  and  its   relation   with  others  jobs  personnel  in  the  organisation .

 (3) To  generate  maximum   individuals / group development  within  an  organisation  by  offering  opportunities  for  advancement    to  employees  through  training  and  job  education  or  by  effecting transfers  on  by  offering   retraining  facilities .

  (4) To  recognize  and  satisfy   individual  needs  and  group   goals  by  offering  an adequate   and  equitable  remuneration economic  and  social  security  in  the  from  of  monetary    compensation  and  protection  against  such    hazards  of   life  as illness , old  age , death , unemployment  etc. so  that  the  employees  may  work  willingly  and  co-operate to  achieve   an  organisation  goals .

  (5) To  maintain  a  high  moral  and  better  human  relation  inside  on  organisation  by  sustaining  and  improving  the  conditions  which  have  been  established  so  that  employees   may  stick  to  their  jobs  for  a  longer  period . 

 (6)  To  secure  the  integration  of  the  individuals  and  groups  with  an  organisation  by  reconciling  individual /group  with  those  of  an  organisation  in  such  a  manner    that  the    employees  feel  a  sense  of  involvement  commitment  and  loyalty  towards  it  in  the  a  sense  of  such   an  integration, friction  may  develop in  an  organisation   which  may  lead  to   its   total  failure  friction  produces   inefficiency  friction  may  result  from  political  aspirations, from  difficulties  in  communication  and  from  faults  inherent  in  a  particular  organizational  structure . 

Conclusion

 “It  is   that  phase  of  management  which deals  with  the  effective  control  and  use  of  manpower   as  distinguished  from  other  sources  of  power” 

There are many objectives and importance of it. 

It’s useful to  achieve  an  effective  utilization   of  human  resources  in  the  achievement  of  organizational   goals. 

Personal management tries to improve moral by giving adequate training to workers and by achieving for it’s self a knowledge of human nature which is “ the totality of motives that cause human action it is mosaic or reflexes and instincts  inherited and acquired habits of individual and group traditions.” 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1.)    Personnel management
         By C.B.Mamoria
         Himalaya publishing house
2.)    Human resource management
        By C.B.Mamoria
        S.V.Gankar
        Himalaya publishing house

3.)    Personnel management
         By Dr.P.C.Tripathi
         Sultan chand & sons


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