DEFINITION AND MEANING OF COMMUNICATION -COMMUNICATION THEORY



DEFINITION AND MEANING OF COMMUNICATION
BY
SMART LEARNING WAY

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION      
MEANING
DEFINITION
EXAMPLE
SUMMARY

INTRODUCTION
 The word “communication “comes from the Latin word “communicare”.It’s meaning to make common. It is used in common talk, usually, to man speaking or writing or sending a message to another person. Communication is really much more than that. It involves ensuring that you  your self take care to receive, understand, interpret, and respond to messages that are sent to you.
Communication is the passing of information. Communication is necessary for better performance of job. A manager works through the co-operation of others.Therefore,he should communicate the policies,plans,programmes of management to the workers. Communication ends only when it reaches the destination. Communication is also a part of the function of management.
Literally, Communication means to inform, to tell, to show or to spread information. It creates confidence among human beings and enhances good industrial relations.

MEANING

 Communication is a process through which an information idea or opinion is transferred to more number of person. If information is communicated to only one person, it will also be termed as communication. Communication is a means of linking people to achieve a common purpose, by transferring from one person  to the other. It includes not only transfer of information but also transfer of understanding. The information has to be understood the same way as is intended by the sender of.
The top managers transmit information regarding objectives and plans to the level managers who try to understand them in their right meaning and devise appropriate ways to achieve those objectives in accordance with the plans.

 The transfer of information and the transfer of understanding to interpret that information in its right meaning draws out a clear distinction between efficient and effective communication.
  
Efficient communication refers to transferring messages and information from one person to the other in a manner that the least amount of resources in terms of material, money,  time and energy are spent on this transmission. Given the alternative courses of transmitting information, the least expensive method of transmitting information is the most efficient means of communication.

The classicists ignored the importance of communication, for they believed that a business unit was only a technical and formal structure. However, after the thirties, as a result of the hawthorn experiments, it was realized for the first time that every organization structure is a social system involving the interactions of people working at different levels and proper communication among them is necessary for achieving the goals of the organization. It is the basis of an organizations existence from the birth of the organization on through its continuing life. When communication stop,organised action comes to an end.

Communication aims at transferring information from one person to the other. It is not only transfer of information but also transfer of understanding so that the receiver of information understands the information the same way as intended by the sender of the information. The top managers pass the information regarding objectives and plans to the lower level managers who are assumed to have understood them in their right meaning so that they can  co-ordinate The various activities to achieve those objectives.

 The transfer of information and the transfer of understanding to interpret that information in its right meaning draws out a clear distinction between efficient and effective communication.
  
Manager devote 44% of their activity to routine communicating(luthans.etal-1988).This does not necessarily mean that they are effective communicators. Every activity within an

For example, 

while formulating long-term plans the corporate planners must have information about the present production targets achieved, state of equipment, human resources, etc.The finest plan cannot take shape without communication. For making decisions, every manager needs information. Information is received through communications from superiors, peers and subordinates. Once the decision is made it needs to be communicated for others to implement it. Managers, therefore, need to be effective communicators. The importance  of effective communication is evident.

DEFINITION

KOONTZ AND WEIHRICH
          communication is" the transfer of information from a sender to a receiver, with the information being understood by the receiver”

TERRY AND FRANKLIN
          “communication is the art of developing and attaining understanding between people. It is the process of exchanging information and feeling between two or more people and it is essential to effective management.”           

GORDON,MONDY,SHARPLIN AND PREMEAUX
                 communication is the transfer of information,ideas,understanding or feeling between people.

STONER AND WANKEL
                 communication is “the process by which people attempt to share meaning via the transmission of symbolic messages.

KOONTZ AND O’DONNELL
            “communication is an intercourse by words,letters,symbols or messages; and in a way that one organisation member shares meaning and understanding with another.”

NEWMANN AND SUMMER
              “communication is an exchange of facts,ideas,opinions or emotions by two or more person.”

ALLEN LOUIS A
            ‘communication is a sum of all things one person does when he wants to create understanding in the minds of another, it involves a systematic and continuous process of telling, listening and understanding.”

GEORGE VARDMAN
             “purposive interchange, resulting in workable understanding and agreement between the sender and receiver of a message.”

 ROBERT ANDERSON
             “communication is interchange of thoughts, opinions or information by speech, writing or signs. 

KEITH DAVIS
             “communication is a process of passing information and understanding from one person to another.”

THE AMERICAN  MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION
 communication is any behavior that result in an exchange of meaning.

D.E.MC FARM LAND
communication may be broadly defined as the process of meaningful interaction among humanbeings.more specifically, it is the process by which meanings are perceived and understanding are reached among humanbeings.

PETER LITTLE
 communication is the process by which information is passed between individuals and or organization by means of previously agreed symbols.

CHARLESS E.RED FIEID
  communication is the broad field of human interchange of facts and opinions and not the technologies of telephone, telegraph, radio.

THEO HAIMANN
                communication fundamental and vital to all managerial action is the process of imparting ideas and making oneself understood by others.


BILLY J.HEDGE
              communication can be thought of as an attempt to achieve as complete and as accurate an understanding as possible between two or more people. It is an act characterized by a desire in one or more individuals to exchange information, ideas or feelings. This desire is implemented by using symbols, sings, actions and pictures as well as other verbal and non-verbal elements in speaking and writing.

WILLIAM SCOTT
             communication is a process which involves the transmission and accurate replication of ideas ensured by a feed back for the purposes of eliciting actions which will accomplish organizational goals.

FRED G.MEYER
              the act of making one’s ideas and opinions know to others.

HERBET A.SIMON
              communication may be formally defined as any process whereby decisional premises are transmitted from one member of an organization to another.

CYRIL I.HUDSON
              communication in its simplest from is conveying of information from one person to another.

C.G.BROWN
            communication has been defined as the transfer of information from one person to another, whether or not it elicits confidence, but the information transferred must be understandable to the receive.

Dr.SAXENA
            communication is the process of transmitting our ideas to others.

EXAMPLES
BULLETIN
ANNOUNCEMENTS
MEETINGS
SUGGESTION
COMPANY PUBLICATION
MEDIA
NEWSPAPER
TELEVISON

SUMMARY

Communication may be defined as the process of passing information and understanding from one person to another.
Communication provides employees both the skill to work and the will to work.
Communication can be formal or informal.
Formal communication can be either vertical or lateral.
There can be three types of communication networks in a working group.
communication is necessary in present time.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Managerial Communication
                        By Urmila Rai & S.M. Rai
Communication Today
                        By Reuben Ray
  Communication 
                        By Dr. C.S. Rayudu


                               




                                           











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