Types of Continuous Tense : SimpleContinuous Tense •PastContinuous Tense • Future Continuous Tense


Types of Continuous Tense;- Continuous Tenses
• SimpleContinuous Tense
• PastContinuous Tense
• Future Continuous Tense 
BY 
SMART LEARNING WAY 

Introduction of Past Continuous Tense

The past continuous is usually used when one action began before another, and finished after it.

The past continuous tense (also called the past progressive tense) is commonly used in English for actions which were going on (had not finished) at a particular time in the past. This page will explain the rules for forming the tense, and how it is used.

Definition of Past Continuous Tense
 
It is used for actions and states that were unfinished at a certain time in the past or to stress the duration of something.
We use the past continuous tense to describe a past action that happened over a period of time.

Tense singling words

Then , at that time , while , yesterday, when, at this time , before, after etc.

Example : 

1.     A teacher was preparing a timetable then, I came.
2.     I came at that time they were walking in the garden.
3.     Ben was singing while Sarah was dancing.
4.     I saw you in the park yesterday.  You were sitting on the grass and reading a book.
5.     Tom burnt his hand when he was cooking the dinner.
6.     I came at that time when they were walking in the garden.
7.     Before starting music. She was dancing on the stage.
8.     After making list ,She was going to the market.

Forming the past continuous tense

This tense was formed using two components: the verb BE (in the past tense), and the -ING form of a verb. Here are the rules, using the example verb "sing":

Form of Past Continuous
Active:
Subject  +  was / were  +  verb + ing
Negative:
Subject  +  was / were  +  not  + verb+ing
Interrogative
Was / Were  +  subject  + verb+ing ?
Information Question:
(WH)+Was / Were+subject  + verb+ing
Passive
Object + was/were + being + third form of verb + by + Subject.

Structure Forms of Past Continuous Tense

Subject +was/were +verb +ing +object(a.v)

Example :

1.     I was writing a letter.
2.     We were playing a game.
3.     You were wasting a time.
4.     He was drawing a picture.
5.     She was chopping vegetable.
6.     They were going out of station.
7.     He was finishing his homework.
8.     I was sweeping the corridor.

Negative Forms of Past Continuous Tense

We form the negative by adding not after was/were.

Subject +was/were not +verb +ing +object

Example :

1.     I was not writing a letter.
2.     We were not playing a game.
3.     You were not wasting a time.
4.     He was not drawing a picture.
5.     She was not cutting  vegetables.
6.     They were not going out of station.
7.     She was not paying attention, when the teacher called her.
8.     You were not listening.

Interrogative

Was/Were+ Subject +verb +ing +object+?

Example :
1.     Was I writing a letter ?
2.     Were we playing a game ?
3.     Were you wasting a time ?
4.     Was he drawing a picture ?
5.     Was she cutting vegetables ?
6.     Were they going out of station ?

Passive

Object + was/were + being + third form of verb + by + Subject.

Example :

1.     A letter was being written by me.
2.     A game was being played by us.
3.     A time was being wasted by you.
4.     A Picture was being drawn by him.
5.     Vegetable was being chopped by her.
6.     Delhi was being visited by them.

Use the Past Continuous Tense


1)We use the past continuous tense to describe a past action over a period of time
2)We use the past continuous to say that somebody was in the middle of doing something at a certain time.  The action or situation had already started before this time but had not finished

Example:-

·        At 10:15 they were playing tennis. 
   
We also use past continuous to make POLITE REQUESTS:
1.      I was hoping we could discuss a pay raise.
2.      I was wondering if you have time to see me.

There are some verbs (for example, know/want/believe) that are not normally used in the continuous:

1.     We were good friends.  We knew each other well (not “we were knowing”).
2.     I was enjoying the party but Chris wanted to go home.
         Form: Using past and past continuous together

Use past continuous to say what was in progress.

Use simple past for the interrupting action.

1.I was crossing the street when the signal showedthe red light.
2.I was sleeping when the telephone rangand woke me up.
3.He was driving too fast when he crashedthe car.
4.We were watching the news when the announcer madea special live report.
5.I was trying to study when you called.

Final Tips …

Use while for two actions in progress at the same time in the past:
She was talking while he was driving.
Use when when telling about sequence of events (one action that was in progress that was interrupted by another event in the past):
I was just leaving when you called.
(first action in progress)    (interrupting event)



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