Simple present tense -English Grammar


SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  BY
SMART LEARNING WAY



CONTANTS:
Definition of active & passive voice
Structure
Simple present tense-introduction
Definition of Simple present tense
Words Uses in simple present tense
Some examples
Use of simple present tense
Tenses
Affirmative sentences
Examples of affirmative sentences
Negative sentences
Examples of negative sentences
Interogative (Affirmative)
Examples of Interogative (Affirmative)
Interrogation (Negative)
Examples of Interrogation (Negative)


Definition

Active voice:

                  “The active voice used when the agent i.e The doer of action is prominent (out standing ).It means sentence focus on the doer.           

  Rama helps Hari
                                                                                                                           

  
Passive voice
                   “A sentence is in the passive voice when its from shows that something is done to person or thing denoted by the subject.”
        
            Hari is helped by Rama.

Structure

Active sentence:

       Subject(karta) + verb + object (karma)


Passive Sentence

Object(Karma) + am/is/are + Past participle +    by +object (karta)

Simple Present (Present Simple) - Introduction


Simple present taking place once, never or several times. It is also used for actions that take place one after another and for actions that are set by a timetable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present.
Definition of simple
present tense….

A simple present tense is used for an action that is done habitually, or regularly.
The simple present tense is a present tense used to talk about: 1. repeated actions (habits) 2. general truths (facts) 3. talk about people or things in general.

Word use in simple present tense.

Always.
often.
Seldom.
Never.
Every day.
Every month
Sometimes
Regularly
Generally
Occasionally
Daily

Some examples:

I go to school everyday.

Sometimes She reads a novel.

We often visit the musuem.

My father always  goes by bus

My uncle goes for a walk daily.

Generally they get up early.

Uses of simple present tense:

Simple present Tense is used to express our daily or habitual activities

I take light breakfast  everyday.
He goes  to library every Sunday.


                                                 
It  is used  to express scientific fact and Universal truth.

The earth moves round the sun.
Water boils at 100` Celsius.

It is uses in stories, novels, & drama as historical present.


Akabar says to Birbal ,”You are the best gem.”
Ram asks Lakshman, “ Where isSita?”

It is used to quote from classical works,speeches rules etc.

John keats says,”A thing of beauty isa joy for ever.”
Shakespeare says ,”Frailty,thy name iswoman.
One of the basic rules in mathematics says ,”Two plus two is four “
                                           
when we talk about permanent or long-lasting situations

1. People make choices because they can't have everything they want.
2. Nurses work in clinics and hospitals.
3. Football is a very popular sport in Bulgaria.
                                                                                                                     
when we talk about travel plans and timetables (mainly with verbs such as go, leave, arrive, start, come, return etc.)

1.My aunt hates travelling by train.
2. I like ice cream. I don't like spinach.
3.I think she is a wonderful person.
4. Do you believe in God?
5. I you no money at the moment.


Tenses:

Affirmative sentences
Structure:-
Subject (He, she, it) +Verb with (s/es) + object + other words.

Subject (I, we, you, they) + Verb + Object + other words.

Examples

Rama lives in goa.
The sun sets in the west.
She speaks french well.
He plays cricket every day.
We play chess.
I teach  English.
They always go for a walk in evening.
You sometimes play tennis in the morning.

Negative sentences:

Negative sentences in simple present tense we use to as a subject do or does.
If we can use do the subject are I,WE,YOU,THEY.
If we can use does the subject are HE,SHE,IT.

Structure:-

subject+do/does+not+verb+other words.

Examples

I do not play chess.(A.V.)
Chess is not played by me.(p.v.)

We do not play hide & seek.(A.V)
Hide & seek is not played by us.(p.v.)

They do not eat ice-cream.(A.V)
Ice cream is not eaten by them.(P.V.)

Mahesh does not play cricket.(A.V.)
Cricket is not played by mahesh.(p.v.)

Priya does not eat an apple.(A.V.)
An apple is no eaten by priya.(P.V.)



Interogative sentences
(affirmatives)

In Interogative sentences also use do/does as subject.

Do/does is starting from Interogative sentences.

If we can use do the subject is I , We, You, They.

If we can use does the subject is he, she, It.


Structure:-

Do/Does +Subject +verb +objects + other words.

Examples.


Do I play cricket ?(A.V.)
Is cricket played by me ?(P.V.)

Do we eat a mangoes ?(A.V.)
Are a mangoes eaten by us ?(P.V.)

Does Mahesh learn English ?(A.V.)
Is English learned by Mahesh ?(P.V.)

Does tisha write Sanskrit ?(A.V.)
Is Sanskrit written by tisha ?(P.V.)


Interogative negative sentences

Structure:-

Do/Does + Subject + verb + object + ? (Active voice)

Am/is/are + object + not + past participle + by + subject + ? (Passive voice)


Examples…….

Do I not play ludo ?
Is ludo not played by me ?

Do sheela not go temple in morning?
Is temple not gone by sheela in morning ?

Does jayesh not eat ice-cream ?
Is ice-cream not eaten by jayesh ?

Does children not like  balloons ?
Are balloons not liked by children ?


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