INFORMATION OF SENTENCES QUESTION TAG - ENGLISH GRAMMAR



INFORMATION OF SENTENCES QUESTION TAG
BY
SMART LEARNING WAY 


• INDEX

INTRODUCTION 

DEFINITION

WHEN TO USE TAG QUESTIONS

HOW THE QUESTION TAG IS MADE

EXAMPLE

•  INTRODUCTION
       
To confirm our statements whether they are correct or wrong, we use tag questions.
        
To write question tag; first we have to write Auxiliary verb; next write subject in pronoun form and then put “not” if it is positive sentence otherwise don’t put not in question tag.

For example:- 

Raja is reading.    Isn’t he ? 
They are playing.   Aren’t they ?
                      
• DEFINITION

    A question is a sentence, a phrase or even just a gesture that shows that the speaker or writer wants the reader or listener to supply them with some information, to perform a task or in some other way satisfy the request.

 WHEN TO USE TAG QUESTION 

We use tag questions to check information or to ask for agreement.

If we use a rising intonation in the tag, we do not know or are not quite sure of the answer

 If we use a falling intonation in the tag, we are seeking the agreement of the person we are talking to.

• HOW THE QUESTION TAG IS MADE

 1. The question  tag is made by the inversion of the subject and the auxiliary. Of course, the negative contraction of the auxiliary is used if the statement is affirmative.

Ex.  1)  You are going to the twon this evening, aren’t  you?

      2)   She has not taken her dinner, has she?

2. We do the same thing as above even when auxiliaries are used as full verbs. (the interrogative form of I am not is aren’t I?

Ex.   1) He has a dog, hasn’t he?

          2) You are a fox, aren't you?

          3) I am taller, than you, aren’t I?

3. When we have the simple present tense and the simple past an auxiliary verb in the statement, we use the auxiliaries do, does, and did in the tag.

Ex.   1) You eat rice everyday, don’t you?

        2) He plays well, doesn’t he?

        3) They played well, didn’t they?

4. When the subject of the statement is a noun, we don’t use it in the question tag; we use a pronoun, according to the number and gender of the noun.

Ex.   1)  Lolita has written well, hasn’t she?

        2)  Your children are clever, aren’t they?

        3)  Ramesh learns well, doesn’t he?

5. When the particle “there” opens the statement the particle is repeated in the tag.

Ex.    1) There are twelve months in a year, aren’t there?

         2) There were many mischievous boys in the class, weren’t there?

6. When the statement is a complex sentence, the tag is made from the verb in the principal clause.

Ex.     1)  When you do exercise, you will become healthy won’t you?

 When there is more than one principal clause, the tag is made from the verb of emphasis.

Ex.   1)  They are good men, and they shall behave gentlemanly, shan’t they

  7. “used to” usually has the tag “did”.

Ex. 1) He used to live here, didn’t he?

8. Some singular words are treated as plural for the purpose of the tag.

Everybody and everyone take “they”.

Ex.  1)   Everybody can’t go there, can they?

        2)  Everyone got inside the room, didn’t they?

 None of takes the tag “well”, if the speaker includes himself in the number. 

Ex. 1) None of us knew the man, did we?

  “None of”, followed by a plural noun is treated as plural and takes “they” if the speaker is not included.

       2)   None of the boys reached in time, did they? 

    “Some of you” takes the question tag “you”

Ex. 1)  Some of you are sleeping in the class, aren’t you?

9. Imperatives are made into more polite requests by adding a positive future tag.

Ex. 1) Come and see me tomorrow, will you?

  But if they are invitations or suggestions, they also take “will you”.

Ex. 1) Have another cup of coffee, will you?  But won’t you? Is used to give more urgency. 

Ex. 1) Have another cup of coffee, won’t you?

    Won’t you? Is also the question tag used to express entreaties. 

 Ex. 1)  Be attentive when the teacher explains this lesson, won’t you?

10. An imperative that expresses impatience or that has the force of a rebuke, use can’t you? as the question tag.

Ex. 1)  Be more attentive, can’t you?

      2)  The work is being done, isn’t it?

      3)  We mustn’t be angry, must we?


11. Words like little, few, hardly, scarcely, rarely, seldom are treated as negatives, and take an affirmative question tag.

Ex. 
     1) Few students understood the question, did they?

      2)   Little progress has been made, has it ? 

      3)   We can scarcely know the answer, can we?

      4)   You seldom come here, do you?

 Though few and little are negative, a few and a little are affirmative, and therefore take a negative.

Ex. 1)  A few students understood the question, didn’t they ?

      2)   A little progress has been made, hasn’t it?


12. The adverb “only” may take either an affirmative or a negative the question tag. The affirmative question tag is more usual.

Ex. 1)  There were only a hundred people present at the meeting, were there?

      2)  There were only a hundred people present at the meeting, weren’t there?


13. If a personal pronoun is the subject of the statement, then this same personal pronoun is repeated as the subject of the question tag. But if a noun or any pronoun, other than a personal one, is the subject of the statement, the  question tag has, he, she, it, or they. If the subject is the pronoun one, the question tag to be followed should be one, and not he, they or you.

Ex. 1)   He is very intelligent, isn’t he?

      2)   She isn’t intelligent, is she?

      3)   One can’t be too lazy, can one?


14.    If the verb of the statement is a compound tense, then only the auxiliary, or, if the auxiliary itself is a compound form, only the first word of it is repeated in the question tag. Can, may must, ought and need are treated as auxiliaries in this case.

Ex.   

        1)  He has eaten the mango, hasn’t he?

        2)  You can easily reach that place, can’t you?

        3)  The work is being done, isn’t it?

        4)   We mustn’t be angry, must we?
 

 15. The form of suggestion “let us” has its question tag “shall we”.

Ex. 

      1)  Let us have a cup of coffee, shall we?


16. Some of us take “we” if the speaker includes himself in the number, but “they” if he does not include himself.

Ex. 

      1) Some of us ate the fruits, didn’t we?

      2) Some of us lost the way, didn’t they?


EXAMPLE

1)    Leonard Cohen is a great singer, isn’t he ?

2)    It isn't very warm today, is it ?

3)    Ms. Pospieszna assigns a lot of homework, doesn't she

4)    I didn't bring enough money, did I ?

5)    The children won't want to go to bed early, will they

6) You have already seen Lord of the Rings, haven’t you ?

7) The film received several Oscars, didn’t it ?
 
8)    We can't keep our canary in the hotel room, can we ?

9)      England would like to win another World Cup , wouldn’t they ?

10) German women don't have small feet, do they ?











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